Dramatic Cantata for Counter Tenor and Orchestra
These days it seems that natural disasters are becoming more frequent and more dramatic. So it is interesting to read the 800-year-old essay by Kamo no Chomei (1153-1216) called Hojoki (An account of my hut) and learn that, in the span of less than a decade in Kyoto, this mediaeval monk witnessed the devastation caused by a great fire, a mighty whirlwind, the uprooting and relocation of his city, a two-year famine, and finally an earthquake. Not surprisingly, these events caused the writer to reflect on the impermanence of human dwellings. His own life shows a progressive shedding of living-space, and eventually a retirement from the world to the life of a hermit. I am glad I first encountered his remarkable essay in Donald Keane’s elegant and lyrical translation. I have subsequently read other versions, and it would not have occurred to me to set any of them to music. But Keane’s has an irresistible poetry and depth, which I hope is still discernible in my considerably abridged version. David Daniels suggested that I write him a dramatic cantata based on a real historical character. I initially considered various eye-witness accounts of historical events – Pepys and Evelyn writing about the Great Fire of London, Pliny the Younger writing about the eruption of Vesuvius, or Seneca on earthquakes – but I wanted a wider range of contrasts than any one of those events would supply. So I was delighted to discover this wonderful text, with its several disasters, suggesting a series of short narratives with dramatic orchestral interludes. Chomei’s progression through distress, finally attaining a mystical serenity in seclusion, offered a musical shape. I have not attempted to write something that sounds Japanese, although, in acknowledgement of the source, I have used Japanese modes – pentatonic at the beginning and The End, minor-sounding in between – and there are occasional echoes of koto and shakuhachi.
Text adapted from Kamo No Chomei in the translation by Donald Keene
Commissioned by BBC Radio 3 for the BBC Symphony Orchestra and by Casa da Música, Porto, Portugal
First performance: 29th September 2006, Lawrence Zazzo (counter tenor), BBC Symphony Orchestra, Jiri Belohlavek, Barbican Centre London.
Counter Tenor Solo—3(III=Picc).3(III=Ca).3(III=B-cl).3(III=Cbsn)—126.96.36.199—Timp—3Perc—Hp—Str(188.8.131.52.6)